Change in Condition of Unemployment Benefit

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One of the conditions for being eligible “dole” is “120 days’ premium prior to unemployment must be paid uninterruptedly”.

According to news in media this obligation will be removed, and unemployed persons can apply for unemployment benefit (dole) even if they didn’t work uninterruptedly 120 days prior to unemployment.  

WHAT IS UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT?

Unemployment benefit, also called "Jobseekers Allowance" or "Dole," is an allowance granted to insured employees who lost their jobs against their will. In Turkey, it is simply referred as “unemployment salary” and paid to eligible workers in the scope of mandatory unemployment insurance in line with the Law on Unemployment Insurance No. 4447.

FOREIGN EMPLOYEES CAN REQUIRE DOLE

Legally employed foreigners are also subject to unemployment insurance premium in case they are working against wage under an employment contract, and are entitled to unemployment salary.

CONDITIONS OF BENEFITING

First of all, reason of leaving employment is very important. Employment contract should be terminated out of employee’s fault. Employees must lost their job against their own wish (not resigned without unjust cause) and without any fault on behalf of them.

Also the following conditions must be satisfied.

  • 120 days’ premium prior to unemployment must be paid uninterruptedly Non-paid days coincides the situations such as sickness, unpaid leave, disciplinary penalty, economic crises, natural disasters etc. are not considered as interruption.
  • 600 days of contributions must be paid in the preceding 3 years of employment.
  • Worker should apply within 30 days as of termination of employment contract to the nearest İŞKUR (Turkish Employment Agency) unit personally or online.

CALCULATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT SALARY?

Unemployment salary is 40% of an employee’s daily average gross wage calculated on the basis of last 4 months’ salary prior to unemployment.

Amount of unemployment salary cannot be over 80% of monthly gross minimum wage

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITING PERIODS?

Benefiting periods depend on the worker’s number of contributions; and are as follows.

Employees who paid 600 days unemployment premium within 3 years prior to unemployment will benefit for 180 days (6 months),

Employees who paid 900 days unemployment premium within 3 years prior to unemployment will benefit for 240 days (8 months),

Employees who paid 1080 or more days unemployment premium within 3 years prior to unemployment will benefit for 300 days (10 months).

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